Photo Exhibition Era of optimism. Art and Propaganda in Soviet photography 1920-1940's.

Alexander Grinberg, Alexander Rodchenko, Boris Ignatovich, Michael
Prehner, Arkady Shaikhet, Emmanuel Yevzerikhin, George Petrusov and
others.



By the end of 1920-early 1930's three main directions in the Soviet photography were formed, and acquired their leaders. Art or 'salon' photography, promoted by Russian Photographic Society, founded before the Revolution, continued the tradition of European pictorial school. The most famous of its representatives were Alexander Grinberg, Nikolai Andreev, Vasily Ulitin, Nicholas Svishtov Paola, Peter Klepikov, Sergei Lobovikov, Yuri Eremin.



The second direction was represented by a generation of new Soviet photographers, who worked as a rule for Communist newspapers and magazines and promoted photo reportage as a means of class struggle and propaganda of the achievements in industry, agriculture and the new, Soviet, life. Arkady Shaikhet and Semyon Fridlyand campaigned for the 'proletarian' image most consistently.

The third direction, formed by the Left Front Of Arts and October groups, was represented by such celebrities as Alexander Rodchenko and Boris Ignatovich. They developed new techniques of dynamic vision based on constructive composition, something which was of great importance for acquiring photography's own visual language but did not save the artists from the attacks from the Soviet press. Accused of formalism, the October group ceased to exist at the end of 1932.



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Exhibition running until May 31, 2011.
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